الاثنين، 20 سبتمبر، 2010

The Cedar Land & the Special Tribunal for Lebanon




By Mazen H.ABBOUD



Following the Assassination of former Prime Minister Rafic ALHARIRI (on the 14th of February, 2005), UN established a Fact-Finding Mission to investigate the case. The Mission identified at that time weaknesses in the Lebanese Judicial system; UN secretary general recommended the establishment of an independent investigation Commission.

On the 13th of December, 2005, the government of the Lebanese Republic requested UN to establish a tribunal of international character. In 30/05/2007, UN Security Council issued the resolution 1757, which laid the foundations of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon following a deep Lebanese crisis over the issue. The mandate of the tribunal as per the resolution is: "to prosecute persons responsible for the attack of 14 February 2005 resulting in the death of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and in the death or injury of other persons".

On October 20, 2005, Detlev MEHLIS the head of the International Commission of Inquiry concluded in his report to the Security Council that "a body of evidence led to the involvement of Lebanon & Syria in the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister" and that the attack was conducted by a group with considerable resources & careful planning.

In July 2010, information rumoring the involvement of Hezbolla Members in Rafic Hariri's murder circulated in the country. Hezbollah reacted quickly; it considers that its potential accusation is meant to disfigure his image & to transform it from an opposition movement that succeeded in defeating Israel into a Shiite terrorist gang, which assassinated Rfic HARIRI, the great Sunnite leader of the Arab World.

In his last press conference Sayed Hasan NISRALA accused Israel of assassinating the former Lebanese Prime Minister. He presented a set of "evidences" to draw the attention of his public to what he considered the goals behind assassinating HARIRI, which are: first, to eliminate his opposition movement that resisted & defeated Israel; second, to prepare for a big clash between the Sunnite & Shiite in the Middle East for the purpose of disintegrating the region into smaller states. Sayed NISRALA discredited the Special Tribunal for Lebanon at numerous occasions for the reason that it was made to be a political tool at the hands of the super powers. He elaborated on its course & criticized it at for putting pressure on Syria first then now on Hezbollah for political reasons. NISRALA declared furthermore, that he would not cooperate with the International Tribunal anymore.

As a matter of fact, NISRALA statements would not affect either the course of the International Tribunal for Lebanon or the quality of its decision; but, it would complicate further the political situation in the country of the cedars. Escalation at the Lebanese local & regional levels will be correlated with the indictment process of the International Tribunal for Hezbollah. So, it is expected that turmoil in the Lebanon would prevail once again; the country would fall at the hands of Hezbollah; & the government would get into the dormancy phase; moreover, political crisis would come to surface again.

Sayed Hasan NISRALA won't accept the accusation against his movement, which will change Hezbollah image from Islamic heroism to Shiite terrorism in the Arab & Muslim world forever. For that he would fight for his life to resist the charges & the International Tribunal decision; thus, he is getting prepared for a long struggle with the international justice & community.

Finally, I do not know what would be the cost of having the International Tribunal Decision Implemented? Would be a new war in the Middle East or making the Lebanon a new Gaza strip?






Published by the Monday Morning, a Lebanese Weekly Magazine on the 20th of Sept, 2010 P 13

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